Second Welfare

Percorsi di secondo welfare is a research and information Laboratory linked to the University of Milan. Thanks to the support of important institutional partners the Laboratory led by Franca Maino aims to:

📚 Develop Knowledge
It explores, documents and disseminates second welfare trends, experiences and good practices to fuel an empirically based, plural and accessible debate.

🔎 Study Welfare Models
It collects data and empirical evidence to outline new intervention models thanks to a consolidated research methodology in the field of social policies.

🎯 Drive Actions
It supports and supports organizations in strategic planning aimed at implementing innovative initiatives and designing the welfare of the future.

The concept of “second welfare”

“Second welfare” refers to a mix of social protection and social investment programs which are not funded by the State, but provided instead by a wide range of economic and social actors, linked to territories and local communities, but open to trans-local partnerships and collaborations. Read more.


The Laboratory seeks to promote a “virtuous nesting” between first and second welfare, that will ultimately be able to tackle the challenges posed by demographic trends and the emergence of new social needs, and worsened by the present financial situation. Our research encompasses several areas of the social provision, with a specific focus on the non-public actors that increasingly play a role in the welfare arena, and the dynamics that determine their growing involvement.

English Section

Percorsi di secondo welfare has a English section in order to provide articles translated and original international contributions as well as to promote the debate on second welfare and the exchange of best practices. You can read them below.

Currently, in Italy, one in four individuals is elderly, and this proportion is likely to increase. However, living longer does not mean living better. Therefore, it is crucial to adopt a new conceptual approach in interpreting aging, moving away from the paradigm of old age toward a broader perspective of longevity.
Rising temperatures are usually related to environmental issues. However, the social repercussions are also numerous and heavy: how can we mitigate the effect of heat on the most fragile?
More and more companies are choosing to pursue sustainability. An excellent example of this new sensibility is corporate welfare, especially when it involves local stakeholders.
Digitalisation is essential for business development and is at the center of public debate in Europe. But it is still scarcely considered in Italy, where there are few skills in this field. What do companies think about this? Which profiles will be most in demand in the coming years?
Younger generations are increasingly sensitive to sustainable development issues but, at least in Italy, they practically have limited political weight. However, creating conditions that are conducive to listening to their requests and adopting policies that put them into practice is essential.
Transport policies have different consequences for men and women, yet the gender variable is rarely considered when designing a public measure. In this case, however, environmental and social sustainability go in the same direction.
In Germany, as in Italy, Long Term Care was strictly hit by Covid-19. During the pandemic, the German government allocated emergency funds - called “Corona premiums” - to cope with evident gaps in the Long Term Care sector, such as those related to shortage in nursing and health personnel. That of healthcare personnel must be the priority to work on, Professor Heinz Rothgang told Secondo Welfare.
During the pandemic the swedish government issued new guidelines to address gaps in Long Term Care sector and is now working to improve integration between national and local levels. The issue is considered a priority by voters and therefore is central in the political agenda. Paula Blomqvist, Professor at Uppsala University tells us so.
Southern Italy is the poorest one in terms of GDP per capita. Sicily and Calabria are characterized by a poor welfare system and are affected by a social plague: mafias. This article, part of a series written by the students of GPS Master at the University of Milan, aims to investigate how social movements from the bottom - such as anti-mafia associations - contribute to improve welfare systems in those regions.
Venture Philanthropy adopts the know-how of the business and market tradition for social purpose and to achieve social impact. This approach is crucial for the future of social investment. How? We analyze these aspects in this article by Izacco Scattolin Neto, part of a series written by Master’s students in Global Politics and Society at the University of Milan.
The pandemic challenged traditional education systems and new start-ups introduced innovative solutions. Could this challenge be an opportunity? In the following article, we discuss the role of Digital Social Innovation in the field of education. In the light of Covid-19 challenges and opportunities for educational innovation, we focus on two European start-ups: WeSchool and Teacherly.